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This AI newsletter is all you need #71
Artificial Intelligence   Latest   Machine Learning

This AI newsletter is all you need #71

Last Updated on November 5, 2023 by Editorial Team

Author(s): Towards AI Editorial Team

Originally published on Towards AI.

What happened this week in AI by Louie

This week, President Joe Biden brought AI regulation back into the spotlight by signing an executive order to oversee artificial intelligence. This directive calls on various government agencies to establish new guidelines concerning AI safety, data privacy, and cybersecurity. A notable part of the order is allocating funds for research on preserving privacy. The government is evidently emphasizing regulation in areas such as privacy, equity, and civil rights. It’s crucial to note that without the backing of Congress, this executive order does not have the force of law. In the upcoming months, we may witness initiatives from the European Union, and we’ve already observed strict regulations from China.

The news ignited debates on X (formerly Twitter), where prominent AI researchers voiced their concerns about AI regulations and the potential detrimental effects on open-source projects. Andrew Ng commented, “There are definitely large tech companies that would rather not have to try to compete with open source.” Meanwhile, Yann LeCun, the Chief Data Scientist at Meta, expressed, “If […] fear-mongering campaigns succeed, they will *inevitably* result in […] a catastrophe: a small number of companies will control AI.” It’s evident that striking the right balance between mitigating AI risks and preventing barriers that favor only the big entities is challenging.

– Louie Peters — Towards AI Co-founder and CEO

Hottest News

  1. AI Startups Fear That Biden’s AI Executive Order Could Stifle Innovation

U.S. President Joe Biden is seeking to reduce the risks of AI to consumers, workers, minority groups, and national security with a new executive order. While some startups welcomed the order, some CEOs expressed concerns over whether it could impede smaller companies and stifle innovation.

2. Jina AI Launches World’s First Open-Source 8K Text Embedding, Rivaling OpenAI

Jina AI introduced jina-embeddings-v2, an open-source embedding model that supports 8K context length. It matches OpenAI’s 8K model in critical areas like Classification Average, Reranking Average, Retrieval Average, and Summarization Average in the MTEB leaderboard.

3. Google Invests $2B Into Anthropic

Google has committed to a substantial investment in Anthropic, a competitor to OpenAI, earmarking up to $2 billion for the AI startup. Anthropic is the developer of Claude 2, a chatbot used by companies including Slack, Notion, and Quora.

4. Anthropic, Google, Microsoft, and OpenAI Announce Over $10 Million for a New AI Safety Fund

Anthropic, Google, Microsoft, and OpenAI have invested over $10 million to create a new AI Safety Fund, aiming to advance research in the responsible and safe development of frontier AI models. This move signifies an industry-wide effort to raise safety standards and proactively address the challenges posed by advanced AI systems.

5. ChatGPT Gets All Tools in One Place With Upgrade

OpenAI began rolling out a new version of ChatGPT that combines all GPT-4 capabilities — Browsing, DALL-E 3, and Data Analysis — without needing to switch between modes. The update gives access to all ChatGPT features within the main interface — without toggling through multiple modes.

Five 5-minute reads/videos to keep you learning

  1. Master LLMs: Top Strategies To Evaluate LLM Performance

This guide shares how to evaluate and benchmark Large Language Models (LLMs) effectively. Learn more about perplexity, other evaluation metrics, and curated benchmarks to compare LLM performance. It also includes practical tools to select the suitable model for your needs and tasks.

2. Evaluating LLM Outputs

This blog post looks at a few techniques for evaluating the outputs generated by an LLM. It also shares insight into techniques such as user feedback and human annotators, as well as replicating human evaluation methods using LLMs.

3. How an LLM Chatbot Works: Exploring Chat With Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG)

This article focuses on building the generative part of a chatbot, enhancing LLM chatbots with RAG, a vital component of the Chat endpoint that makes it possible to connect the API to external data for augmented generation.

4. Order Matters: How AI Struggles With the Reverse

This article focuses on how and why the reversal curse impacts large language models. Unlike humans, LLMs may struggle to answer questions that involve information reversal effectively. Additionally, LLMs have been found to falter in areas where human proficiency is strong.

5. According to Aristotle, Would ChatGPT Be Able To Think?

This post discusses the philosophical question of whether large language models like ChatGPT, known as LLMs, have the reasoning abilities of Aristotle’s Syllogism. It explores the connection between AI and philosophy, specifically in logical reasoning.

Papers & Repositories

  1. QMoE: Practical Sub-1-Bit Compression of Trillion-Parameter Models

QMoE is a practical solution for compressing trillion-parameter models like the SwitchTransformer to <1 bit/parameter, greatly reducing memory demand. It achieves a 20x compression rate with minimal accuracy loss and can run efficiently on affordable hardware.

2. JudgeLM: Fine-tuned Large Language Models are Scalable Judges

JudgeLM is a method that improves the evaluation of Large Language Models by fine-tuning them as scalable judges. By compiling a dataset and using augmentation techniques, JudgeLM addresses biases and performs well on benchmarks. It outperforms human judgment and demonstrates versatility in different formats.

3. Contrastive Preference Learning: Learning from Human Feedback without RL

Contrastive Preference Learning (CPL) is a new approach to Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF) that avoids the need for traditional RL methods. By focusing on regret rather than reward, CPL simplifies the learning process and has the potential to be applied effectively in higher-dimensional RLHF scenarios.

4. ConvNets Match Vision Transformers at Scale

Google DeepMind conducted a study comparing Convolutional Neural Networks (ConvNets) and Vision Transformers (ViTs) for large-scale image classification. In summary, ConvNets and ViTs perform similarly when given comparable resources.

5. HallusionBench: You See What You Think? Or You Think What You See?

HallusionBench is a newly curated benchmark designed to study language hallucination and visual illusion in Vision-Language Models like GPT4-V and LLaVA-1.5. This benchmark challenges the models’ ability to reason with image context and highlights potential weaknesses in their vision modules.

Enjoy these papers and news summaries? Get a daily recap in your inbox!

The Learn AI Together Community section!

Meme of the week!

Meme shared by rucha8062

Featured Community post from the Discord

NYLee has launched LLMwarre, a unified, open, and extensible framework for LLM-based application patterns, including Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG). This project provides a comprehensive set of tools anyone can use — from beginners to the most sophisticated AI developers. It includes PDF and Office document parsing, text chunking, embedding vectors using Milvus, FAISS, or Pinecone, and hybrid searching. Check it out on GitHub and support a fellow community member. Share your feedback in the thread here!

AI poll of the week!

Join the discussion on Discord.

TAI Curated section

Article of the week

A Complete Guide for Creating an AI Assistant for Summarizing YouTube Videos — Part 1 by Amin Kamali

This article is the first in a series of three blog posts explaining step-by-step how to build an AI assistant to summarize YouTube videos. Start this series with in-depth instructions for capturing the transcript of a YouTube video using OpenAI’s Whisper, followed by text summarization using Langchain and demonstrating a solution prototype using Gradio and Hugging Face Spaces.

Our must-read articles

Order Matters: How AI Struggles with the Reverse by Salvatore Raieli

Fully Understand ElasticNet Regression with Python by Amit Chauhan

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