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This AI newsletter is all you need #47
Latest   Machine Learning

This AI newsletter is all you need #47

Last Updated on July 25, 2023 by Editorial Team

Author(s): Towards AI Editorial Team

Originally published on Towards AI.

What happened this week in AI by Louie

This week AI progress continued down dual paths with significant advancements in open-source models together with developments at companies like Anthropic, Google, and Meta with a rising focus on business-oriented models.

Anthropic’s official release of Claude’s context window extension from 9k to 100k tokens primarily targets its benefit to business applications. This extension allows the model to effectively digest, summarize, and explain complex documents. It enables tasks such as analyzing strategic risks and opportunities, assessing the impact of legislation, identifying patterns across legal documents, comprehending extensive developer documentation, and providing technical answers. Furthermore, it facilitates rapid prototyping and intelligent modification of codebases by leveraging the extended context window.

Google introduced PaLM 2, its latest large language model (LLM), which powers the updated Bard chat tool — a direct competitor to OpenAI’s ChatGPT. PaLM 2 serves as the foundation for various new AI features, including the recently announced “AI snapshots.” These snapshots utilize language models to generate comprehensive summaries, enhancing the search experience. Users have the option to participate in the Search Generative Experience experimental program to benefit from these advancements.

Meta also launched its ImageBind model, which combines text, audio, visual, movement, thermal, and depth data. While currently a research project, it showcases the potential for future AI models to utilize even more multisensory content.

Notably, Meta has predominantly embraced the open-source approach, whereas companies like OpenAI have expressed concerns over open-sourcing, citing potential harm to creators through work replication and potential dangers arising from malicious actors exploiting state-of-the-art AI models.

The HackAPrompt competition by Learn Prompting

HackAPrompt, organized by Learn Prompting and advised by Towards AI, is aimed at enhancing AI safety. In this competition, participants will try to hack as many prompts as possible by injecting, leaking, and defeating the sandwich defence. The competition is designed to be beginner-friendly, welcoming even non-technical people to participate.

The competition runs from May 5th, 6:00 pm to May 26th, 11:59 pm EST

Participate here to win prizes worth over $35,000!

Check the HackAPrompt submission tutorial here.

Hottest News

  1. Google launches PaLM 2, its next-gen large language model

Google has recently unveiled PaLM 2, its latest large language model (LLM). PaLM 2 will serve as the driving force behind Google’s revamped Bard chat tool and will act as the foundational model for numerous new AI features being introduced by the company. Developers can now access PaLM 2 through Google’s PaLM API, Firebase, and Colab.

2. Meta open-sources multisensory AI model that combines six types of data

Meta has introduced ImageBind, an innovative open-source AI model designed to integrate various data streams such as text, audio, visual data, temperature, and movement readings. However, the model is solely a research project and does not have any immediate consumer or practical applications.

3. Introducing 100K Context Windows: Claude, by Anthropic

Anthropic has extended Claude’s context window from 9K to 100K tokens, which roughly translates to around 75,000 words. This enhancement enables Claude to effectively process, summarize, and provide explanations for dense documents.

4. The AI takeover of Google Search starts now

Google’s latest endeavour involves the introduction of “AI snapshots,” which employ language models to generate comprehensive summaries, enhancing the search experience. Users have the option to participate in the experimental program known as the Search Generative Experience, allowing them to benefit from these advancements.

5. ‘Godfather of AI’ says AI threat is ‘more urgent’ to humanity than climate change

A renowned artificial intelligence pioneer, often referred to as the “Godfather of AI,” has raised concerns about the rapid advancement of AI, stating that it poses a “more urgent” risk to humanity compared to the impacts of climate change. Hinton specifically highlights potential threats such as job displacement and the spread of misinformation but does not support a stoppage of AI development.

Three 5-minute reads/videos to keep you learning

  1. Plan-and-Execute Agents

TLDR has introduced a new type of agent executor called Plan-and-Execute. This agent executor distinguishes higher-level planning from short-term execution, enabling efficient handling of complex long-term planning tasks. You can give it a try in Python or JS (JavaScript).

2. AI Will Create More Developers, Not Less

AI has the potential to expedite the growth of developers worldwide by reducing entry barriers through the provision of open-source and closed-source products tailored to diverse audiences. This article provides a rationale for how AI will contribute to the expansion of the developer community.

3. Learnings exploring the GPT/ LLM space

In this article, the author shares key takeaways from interaction with founders, VCs, and employees of tech companies experimenting with LLMs. Some significant learnings include LLMs’ significant business potential, the need for software engineering skills, GPT-4’s top performance with high costs, an anticipated decrease in training expenses, and more.

4. GPT-4’s Maze Navigation: A Deep Dive into ReAct Agent and LLM’s Thoughts

The article examines the application of GPT-4 in maze navigation. It investigates the utilization of memorization-based navigation, labeling, and A* search techniques. However, it notes the limitations of GPT-4 in terms of lacking robust planning skills.

5. Prompt Injection Explained

This article offers a comprehensive overview of prompt injection, highlighting its significance as an important issue. It delves into the reasons why many of the proposed solutions may not effectively address the problem.

Papers & Repositories

  1. InstructBLIP: Towards General-purpose Vision-Language Models with Instruction Tuning

The paper presents a systematic and comprehensive study on tuning vision-language instruction based on the pre-trained BLIP-2 models. The resulting InstructBLIP models exhibit state-of-the-art zero-shot performance across all 13 held-out datasets, surpassing both BLIP-2 and the larger Flamingo model by a significant margin.

2. PrivateGPT

Built with LangChain, GPT4All, and LlamaCpp, PrivateGPT enables users to securely interact with their documents, harnessing the capabilities of GPT while maintaining complete privacy. With no data leaks, PrivateGPT can ingest documents and answer questions without the need for an internet connection.

3. Augmented Large Language Models with Parametric Knowledge Guiding

The paper introduces a novel framework called Parametric Knowledge Guiding (PKG), which enhances Language and Learning Models (LLMs) by incorporating a knowledge-guiding module. This module allows LLMs to access pertinent knowledge during runtime without modifying the underlying model parameters.

4. Active Retrieval Augmented Generation

The paper introduces FLARE (Forward-Looking Active Retrieval augmented generation), a generic method for retrieval-augmented generation. FLARE generates articles or overviews by iteratively utilizing predictions of upcoming sentences to anticipate future content. These predictions are then employed as queries to retrieve relevant documents to regenerate the sentence if it contains low-confidence tokens.

5. Towards Building the Federated GPT: Federated Instruction Tuning

This study presents a new approach called Federated Instruction Tuning (FedIT), which utilizes federated learning (FL) as the learning framework for fine-tuning Language and Learning Models (LLMs) based on instructions. This repository provides a foundational framework for investigating federated fine-tuning of LLMs, incorporating diverse categories of heterogeneous instructions.

Enjoy these papers and news summaries? Get a daily recap in your inbox!

The Learn AI Together Community section!

Weekly AI Podcast

In this week’s episode of the “What’s AI” podcast, Louis Bouchard interviews Logan Kilpatrick, Developer Relations at OpenAI, to demystify terms such as tokens, prompt engineering, alignment, and multimodal models. They shed light on the intricate workings of large language models like GPT-4. Kilpatrick also shares numerous helpful tips for maximizing the usage of OpenAI’s products. The episode highlights many key insights, including the distinction between ChatGPT and GPT-4, AI vocabulary, OpenAI’s interview process, and more. Tune in to the podcast for a deeper understanding of OpenAI and the exciting landscape of AI-powered developer solutions. You can find the podcast on YouTube, Spotify, or Apple Podcasts.

Upcoming Community Events

The Learn AI Together Discord community hosts weekly AI seminars to help the community learn from industry experts, ask questions, and get a deeper insight into the latest research in AI. Join us for free, interactive video sessions hosted live on Discord weekly by attending our upcoming events.

  1. Learn how to HackAPrompt

In this seminar, Sander Schulhoff, the Creator of Learn Prompting, will teach you how to master the art of hacking a prompt in the HackAPrompt competition. If you’re unsure about how to approach the competition, Sander will guide you through its workings and show you how it all comes together!

Date & Time: 17th May 6:00 pm EST

2. HackAPrompt Livestream- Come and brainstorm (For $35000)

HackAPrompt is aimed at enhancing AI safety. In this competition, participants will try to hack as many prompts as possible by injecting, leaking, and defeating the sandwich defense. The competition is designed to be beginner-friendly, welcoming even non-technical people to participate.

Date & Time: 22nd May 5:15 pm EST

Add our Google calendar to see all our free AI events!

Meme of the week!

Meme shared by NEON#8052

Featured Community post from the Discord

noahweber#6180 has introduced CloudGPT, which is capable of creating a fully functional, tested, and deployed cloud infrastructure with a single command. This project aims to streamline the process of creating and deploying cloud infrastructure. By describing your problem using natural language, the system will automatically build, test, and deploy a cloud architecture based on your prompt. You can check it out on GitHub and support a fellow community member. Share your questions and feedback in the thread here!

AI poll of the week!

Join the discussion on Discord.

TAI Curated section

Article of the week

Genetic Algorithms and the Knapsack Problem: A Beginners’ Guide by Egor Howell

The article carries out a walkthrough on how to apply the genetic algorithm to a famous combinatorial optimization problem, the knapsack problem. The knapsack problem has many real-life applications such as inventory management, traffic control, and supply chain efficiency. Therefore, it is an important problem and concept that Data Scientists should be aware of.

Our must-read articles

Mastering These 5 Statistics Concepts Will Boost Your Success in Data Science Interviews by Youssef Hosni

Compare and Evaluate Object Detection Models From TorchVision by Abby Morgan

Uncovering the Illusion: A Closer Look at Simpson’s Paradox and Its Implications for Statistical Analysis by Abhishek

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