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PySpark process Multi char Delimiter Dataset
Latest   Machine Learning

PySpark process Multi char Delimiter Dataset

Last Updated on July 19, 2023 by Editorial Team

Author(s): Vivek Chaudhary

Originally published on Towards AI.

Programming

The objective of this article is to process multiple delimited files using Apache spark with Python Programming language. This is a real-time scenario where an application can share multiple delimited file,s and the Dev Team has to process the same. We will learn how we can handle the challenge.

The input Data set is as below:

Name@@#Age <--Header
vivek, chaudhary@@#30 <--row1
john, morgan@@#28 <--row2

Approach1: Let’s try to read the file using read.csv() and see the output:

from pyspark.sql import SparkSessionfrom pyspark.sql import SparkSession
spark= SparkSession.builder.appName(‘multiple_delimiter’).getOrCreate()
test_df=spark.read.csv(‘D:\python_coding\pyspark_tutorial\multiple_delimiter.csv’)
test_df.show()
Output

#Note: Output is not the desired one and so the processing will not yield the desired results

Approach2: Next, read the file using read.csv() with option() parameter and pass the delimiter as an argument having the value ‘@@#’ and see the output:

test_df=spark.read.option(‘delimiter’,’@@#’).csv(‘D:\python_coding\pyspark_tutorial\multiple_delimiter.csv’)test_df.show(truncate=0)
error

#Note: spark throws error when we try to pass delimiter of more than one character.

Approach3: Next way is to use read.text() method of spark.

mult_df=spark.read.text(‘D:\python_coding\pyspark_tutorial\multiple_delimiter.csv’)
mult_df.show(truncate=0)
spark.read.text

#Note: spark.read.text returns a DataFrame.

Each line in a text file represents a record in DataFrame with just one column “value”. To convert into multiple columns, we will use map transformation and split method to transform and split the column values.

#first() returns the first record of dataset
header=mult_df.first()[0]
print(header)
Output:
Name@@#Age
#split('delimiter') the string on basis of the delimiter
#define the schema of the Dataframe to be created
schema=header.split(‘@@#’)
print(schema)
Output:
['Name', 'Age']

The next step is to split the row and create separate columns:

#filter operation is removing the header
#map operation is splitting each record as per delimiter
#.rdd converts DF to rdd and toDF converts the rdd back to DF
mult_df.filter(mult_df[‘value’]!=header).rdd.map(lambda x:x[0].split(‘@@#’)).toDF(schema).show()
Final Output

Hurray!! We are able to split the data on the basis of multiple delimiter ‘@@#’.

Summary:

· Read Multiple Delimited Dataset using spark.read.text() method

· use of map(), filter() transformations

Thanks to all for reading my blog, and If you like my content and explanation, please follow me on medium and share your feedback, which will always help all of us to enhance our knowledge.

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